Application of smart technologies for social integration of people with visual impairments

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Гавенко М. М., Лабецька М. Т., Конюхов А. Д. № 2 (67) 162-173 Image Image

Visual impairment has a significant impact on people’s life quality, including their ability to work and develop personal communication. Technological progress has enabled the creation of special tools and devices that help people with special needs navigate the world more easily, and take an active part in the economic, social and cultural life of society. Today, assistive Smart technologies for the blind and visually impaired are becoming more and more popular, allowing them to overcome various physical, social, and infrastructural barriers to independence and live an active, productive and independent life as equal members of society.

The paper presents an understanding of the current state of use of such technologies for visually impaired and blind people through the design and implementation of software or hardware tools that enable web content to help people with disabilities access and interact with digital content. A general classification of the considered Smart technologies is carried out, each of which offers unique functions to blind users for independent access to information and, better understanding of the environment through object recognition and identification of people, which significantly changes the way blind and visually impaired people interact with the world.

Advances in technology are revolutionizing how blind people can communicate with and navigate the world around them. Each technology is based on unique digital devices that offer special functions for users and create conditions for independent mastery of the educational process, and independent fulfilment of daily life needs. Whether it is the use of voice or Braille displays to send and receive information, or other modern smart devices, all these technologies are designed to improve the adaptation of blind and visually impaired people in society.

Keywords: inclusion, blind people, information and communication technologies, interactivity, Smart technologies, social integration, assistive technologies.

doi: 10.32403/1998-6912-2023-2-67-162-173

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