Study of ecological and resource efficiency of label production

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Martyniuk M. S. № 2 (67) 216-221 Image Image

The analysis of modern approaches to the concept of ecological and resource efficient shows the expediency of researching the environmental aspects of label production using the method of composition balances of material and energy flows.

An analysis of two technological process of label production — printing and cutting of printed sheets into labels — is made. Based on the analysis, a scheme of material flows is constructed: basic materials are used for printing – paper and ink, as well as electricity to power the printing equipment.

Environmental aspects that have the biggest impact on label production are identified: energy efficiency of printing and cutting (etching) equipment and reduction of waste of basic materials and carbon footprint. According to the compiled balance of material flows of label production, recommendations are given on steps to ecological label production.

Drawing up a balance sheet of label production flows allows one to estimate the true amount of waste and indicates the need to optimize the label cutting process in order to reduce waste, for example by replacing cutting equipment with more modern and efficient ones. At the next stage of label production, emissions of paper dust generated during the cutting process are added to the CO2 emissions from the equipment, as well as significantly increased solid waste - scraps and waste, which, depending on the efficiency (accuracy) of the cutting equipment.

In order to optimize the waste disposal process of label production, it is recommen­ded to implement a line for shredding, transporting and pressing waste paper. The advantage of this investment process is a significant saving of time, material, labor resour­ces and the use of environmentally safe waste disposal technologies and the possibility of using them as secondary raw materials. It is also possible to use printing equipment certified by manufacturers as CO2 neutral, since the carbon footprint is an important environmental aspect of label production. The most important factor in increasing the efficiency of label production is cost reduction, and successful printing production is environmentally friendly by minimizing waste, energy consumption and emissions.

Keywords: label production, ecological aspects, Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP).

doi: 10.32403/1998-6912-2023-2-67-216-221

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